Saudi Arabia, officially known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia(KSA), is an Arab state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula. With a land area of approximately 2,150,000 km2(830,000 sq mi), the country is geographically the 5th-largest state in Asia and 2nd-largest state in the Arab world after Algeria.
The country is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the north-east, Qatar, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the south-east, and Yemen to the south. It is separated from Israel and Egypt by the Gulf of Aqaba. It is the only nation with both a Red Sea coast and a Arabic Gulf coast, and most of its land is dry and barren. The country is sometimes called “the Land of the Two Holy Mosques” in reference to Al-Masjid al-Haram(in Mecca), and Al-Masjid an-Nabawi(in Medina), the two holiest places in Islam. Arabic is the exclusive official language in Saudi Arabia.
Saudi Arabia is the largest state in western Asia by land area (most of the Arabian Peninsula) and the second-largest in the Arab World. It has an estimated population of 27 million, of which 8.8 million are registered foreign expatriates and an estimated 1.5 million areillegal immigrants. Saudi nationals comprise an estimated 16 million people.
The country has the world’s largest petroleum reserves and is the world’s largest oilexporter. Oil accounts for more than 90% of exports and nearly 75% of government revenues, facilitating the creation of a welfare state. However, human rights groups such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch have expressed concern about the state of human rights in Saudi Arabia.
Top universities of Saudi Arabia –
As in many countries worldwide, universities in Saudi Arabia offer bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral degrees, generally lasting four years, two years and three to four years respectively. While international students are generally accepted into the leading Saudi universities, restrictions among other lesser-known universities are likely to vary, and admission for female students is limited to a select few universities and women-only institutions.
With one of the fastest-growing higher education systems in the Middle East, Saudi Arabia offers a number of world-class institutions. Seven Saudi universities are ranked in the QS World University Rankings® 2018, and the nation claims 21 of the top 100 universities in the Arab region, in the QS Arab Region University Rankings 2018. Saudi Arabia has also been featured as having the 36th best higher education system in the world, in the first edition of the QS Higher Education System Strength Rankings.
Top 3 universities of Saudi Arabia
- King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals
- King Saud University
- King Abdulaziz University